Table 3

Multivariate logistic regression of risk factors for poor participation

VariablesβOR (95% CI)P valueR2
Model 1 (without MRI variables)0.602
 Age (years)0.311.031 (1.002 to 1.062)0.038
 Male0.7452.105 (1.078 to 4.112)0.029
 NIHSS score on admission0.1841.202 (1.053 to 1.372)0.006
 Hypertension0.1981.219 (0.562 to 5.825)0.362
 Atrial fibrillation0.5381.713 (0.516 to 5.689)0.38
 Stroke subtype−0.1620.85 (0.661 to 1.093)0.205
 ADL on follow-up0.9622.617 (1.933 to 3.543)<0.001
Model 2 (with MRI variables)0.612
 Age0.0161.016 (0.985 to 1.049)0.311
 Male0.8312.296 (1.158 to 4.553)0.017
 NIHSS score on admission0.1841.202 (1.056 to 1.369)0.005
 Hypertension0.1811.199 (0.55 to 2.613)0.649
 Atrial fibrillation0.4921.635 (0.477 to 5.608)0.434
 Stroke subtype−0.1560.855 (0.666 to 1.098)0.22
 Infarct volume<0.0011 (0.997 to 1.003)0.912
 BG-EPVS0.0081.008 (0.727 to 1.396)0.963
 DWMH0.0321.033 (0.683 to 1.561)0.878
 MTLA0.2351.265 (1.069 to 1.497)0.006
 ADL on follow-up1.0012.721 (2.018 to 3.671)<0.001
MTLA by age−0.0040.996 (0.981 to 1.059)0.577
  • ADL, activities of daily living; BG-EPVS, enlarged perivascular spaces in the basal ganglia; DWMH, deep white matter hyperintensities; MTLA, medial temporal lobe atrophy; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.