Table 1

Demographic characteristics of adult, male service members and DOD beneficiaries presenting with ILI, by HIV status

HIV+HIV−P value
n=50 (%)n=460 (%)
Age (years)
 18–246 (12)126 (27) <0.001
 25–3424 (48)210 (46)
 35–446 (12)94 (20)
 45+14 (28)30 (7)
Race
 White21 (42)247 (54)0.3
 Black9 (18)51 (11)
 Hispanic12 (24)103 (22)
 Unknown/other8 (16)59 (13)
Military status
 Active duty37 (74)429 (93) <0.001
 Retired11 (22)17 (4)
 Dependent2 (4)14 (3)
Education
 >High school20 (40)202 (44)0.69
 High school30 (60)257 (56)
 Missing0 (0)1 (0)
Season
 2010/1113 (26)157 (34)0.21
 2011/1215 (30)128 (28)
 2012/1311 (22)58 (13)
 2013/146 (12)87 (19)
 2014/155 (10)30 (7)
Time since influenza vaccination (days)
 14–598 (16)69 (15)0.93
 60–896 (12)55 (12)
 90–1197 (14)77 (17)
 120–1496 (12)70 (15)
 150+23 (46)180 (39)
 Missing0 (0)9 (2)
Time from ILI onset to seeking healthcare (days)2 (0, 3)2 (0, 6)0.7
Smoking status
 Current10 (20)101 (22)0.13
 Former16 (32)89 (19)
 Non-smoker21 (42)253 (55)
 Missing/N/A3 (6)17 (4)
  • P values calculated using χ2 or Fisher’s exact test. Statistically significant at a p value of <0.05 (in bold).

  • DoD, Department of Defense; ILI, influenza-like illness; N/A, not applicable.