Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of migraineurs with PFO

CharacteristicsNumber
Gender (female)95 (70.90%)
Age (years)39.21±11.37
Height (cm)164.93±6.39
Weight (kg)62.71±10.89
BMI (kg/m2)22.98±3.30
Hypertension, n (%)15 (11.19)
Coronary heart disease, n (%)2 (1.49)
Diabetes, n (%)1 (0.75)
Hyperlipidemia, n (%)3 (2.24)
Smoking, n (%)22 (16.42)
ASA, n (%)10 (7.46)
ASD, n (%)4 (2.99)
ASA with ASD, n (%)1 (0.75)
Migraine characteristics
 Onset age (years)33.25±12.94
 Course (years)7.74±6.84
 Migraine with aura, n (%)43 (32.09)
 Migraine without aura, n (%)91 (67.90)
 Chronic migraine47 (35.07)
 Frequency (per month)11.53±11.06
 Duration (hours)12.43±15.25
 VAS score4.57±2.17
 HIT-6 score61.18±7.97
  • ASA, atrial septal aneurysm; ASD, atrial septal defect; HIT-6, Headache Impact Test; PFO, patent foramen ovale; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.