Table 4

Fear of COVID-19 Scale

ItemsTotal†
n=531
(100.0%)
With symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, n=209 (39.3%)Without symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, n=322 (60.6%)P value*
n (%) (95% CI)
Most afraid of COVID-19437 (82.3) (78.7 to 85.4)191 (91.3) (86.7 to 94.8)246 (76.4) (71.4 to 80.7)<0.001
Uncomfortable to think about COVID-19417 (78.5) (74.7 to 81.9)192 (91.8) (87.3 to 95.1)225 (69.8) (64.4 to 74.7)<0.001
Hands become clammy when thinking about COVID-19368 (69.3) (65.1 to 73.1)111 (53.1) (46.1 to 60.0)257 (79.8) (74.9 to 83.9)<0.001
Afraid of losing life because of COVID-19377 (71.0) (66.9 to 74.7)205 (98.0) (95.1 to 99.4)172 (53.4) (47.8 to 58.9)<0.001
Nervous or anxious when watching news and stories about COVID-19357 (67.2) (63.0 to 71.1)201 (96.1) (92.6 to 98.3)156 (48.4) 42.8 to 54.0)<0.001
Unable to sleep because of worry about getting COVID-19286 (53.8) (49.5 to 58.1)166 (79.4) (73.3 to 84.6)120 (37.2) (32.0 to 42.8)<0.001
Heart races or palpitates when thinking about getting COVID-19343 (64.6) (60.3 to 68.6)81 (38.7) (32.1 to 45.7)262 (81.3) (76.5 to 85.3)<0.001
  • Source: Own elaboration.

  • 2.

  • †Cronbach's alpha=0.598.