Table 2

Results of meta-regression analysis of each covariate toward incidence of acute kidney injury

VariableModel 1 (unadjusted)Model 2 (adjusted)†Model 2 (adjusted)‡
CoefficientCoefficientCoefficient
Age0.0635Q=6.63, p=0.01*0.0743Q=10.79, p=0.02*−0.0136Q=12.45, p=0.84
Male−0.0208Q=3.81, p=0.05
Asian2.1833Q=1.71, p=0.19
DM7.4784Q=6.74, p=0.01*9.3515Q=19.16, p<0.01*7.6582Q=12.45, p=0.14
HTN3.5684Q=4.22, p=0.04*4.3811Q=11.65, p=0.02*0.5704Q=12.45, p=0.90
Heart disease−0.4261Q=0.06, p=0.80
Lung disease9.1485Q=2.56, p=0.11
Cancer9.5281Q=0.67, p=0.41
CKD9.3508Q=3.90, p=0.09
Baseline SCr3.4821Q=4.19, p=0.04*3.6041Q=15.43, p<0.01*1.7025Q=12.45, p=0.01*
  • *Statistically significant.

  • †Adjusted for sex and chronic kidney disease.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, diabetes, hypertension, and baseline serum creatinine level.

  • CKD, chronic kidney disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; HTN, hypertension; SCr, serum creatinine.