Table 1

Characteristics of patients with MM in the current study

Total number of patients27
Gender19 male, 8 female
Age, median (range)63 (45–82)
Type of MMIgG (17), IgA (5), light-chain (5)
Stage at diagnosis (International Staging System, ISS)
 Ⅰ2 (8%)
 Ⅱ6 (22%)
 Ⅲ19 (70%)
Bone disease
 Stage A11 (41%)
 Stage B/C16 (59%)
Parameters at baseline
 Creatinine clearance >30 mL/min17 (63%)
 Creatinine clearance ≤30 mL/min10 (37%)
 Hb ≥100 g/L8 (30%)
 Hb <100 g/L19 (70%)
 Ca >2.75 mmol/L5 (19%)
 Ca ≤2.75 mmol/L22 (81%)
  • Ca, calcium; Hb, hemoglobin; MM, multiple myeloma.