Table 1

Baseline demographics in participants upon enrollment

n=39,819Mean or nSD or %
AgeMean, SD62.338.87
Follow yearsMean, SD10.772.63
Men18,72547.0
Insurance feeLowest10,52526.4
Second710117.8
Third13,00032.6
Highest919323.1
UrbanizationHighly urbanized11,97730.1
Moderately urbanized12,94432.5
Boomtown616815.1
Others873021.9
Alcoholism20525.2
IHD16,25640.8
COPD11,93230.0
DM959424.1
Hyperlipidemia17,39343.7
Hypertension27,66869.2
  • Insurance fee is based on Taiwan dollar.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; IHD, ischemic heart disease.