Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Experimental study on alleviating atherosclerosis through intervention of mitochondrial calcium transport and calcium-induced membrane permeability transition

Abstract

To investigate the effort of mitochondrial calcium transport and calcium-induced membrane permeability transition in alleviating atherosclerosis. The experimental mice were divided into three groups: the control group (C57BL/6 mice with normal diet), the atherosclerosis group (apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE−/−) mice with high-fat diet) and the mitochondrial targeting agent group (ApoE−/− mouse with high-fat diet). The mean fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ in the atherosclerosis group is significantly higher than control group and mitochondrial targeting agent group. But the mean fluorescence intensity of Ca2+-ATPase is lower than other groups. The macrophage recruitment (F4/80 positive area) and the expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, pyrin domain containing protein 3, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and Jun kinase 1/2 phosphorylation in the atherosclerosis group are higher that other groups. Treatment with mitochondrial targeting agents reduced the levels of elevated cyt C and cleaved caspase-3 in atherosclerotic mice (p<0.05). Mitochondrial targeting agents interfere with mitochondrial calcium transport and calcium-induced membrane permeability transition, inhibit MAPK/JNK pathway activation, inhibit foam cell formation and alleviate the process of atherosclerosis.

  • atherosclerosis
  • endothelial cells

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.