The present study sought to investigate the association between silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and autophagy during systemic inflammatory response syndrome following burn injury. The experimental burn model in mice and macrophages were established. SIRT1 mRNA expression was quantified by quantitative real-time PCR. The protein levels of SIRT1 and the conversion of light chain 3 (LC3)-I to LC3-II were determined by western blot analysis. The formation of autophagosomes was assessed by green fluorescence protein-tagged LC3 fluorescence. The contents of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-18 were measured by ELISA. SIRT1 was highly expressed in burned tissues and RAW264.7 cells treated with serum obtained from mice with burn injuries. Moreover, SIRT1 overexpression augmented, whereas sirtinol, an inhibitor of SIRT1, attenuated burn injury-induced increasing number of autophagosomes and expression levels of LC3-II/LC3-I in RAW264.7 cells. Besides, sirtinol effectively prevented SIRT1-induced pro-inflammation during burn injury. Furthermore, autophagy inhibition by 3-methyladenine significantly attenuated SIRT1 overexpression-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine production. SIRT1 abolished burn injury-induced inflammatory response by inducing autophagy.
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FH and ZL contributed equally.
Contributors FH and ZL conducted most of the experiments and wrote the manuscript. SH, YJ, LB and XL conducted the experiments and analyzed the data. DH designed the study and revised the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Ethics approval The study entitled has been approved by Ethic Committee and Laboratory Animal Center of Xijing Hospital (The Fourth Military Medical University) before the study.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information. All data in this study can be obtained by proper request from the authors.
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