Article Text

PDF
Relationship between dental loss and health outcomes among hospitalized patients with and without diabetes
  1. Kenneth Izuora1,
  2. Ammar Yousif1,
  3. Gayle Allenback2,
  4. Civon Gewelber3,
  5. Michael Neubauer3
  1. 1School of Medicine, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  2. 2Independent Biostatistician, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  3. 3School of Dental Medicine, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kenneth Izuora, School of Medicine, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas NV 89154, USA; kenneth.izuora{at}unlv.edu

Abstract

There is mixed evidence regarding the impact of poor dental health on cardiovascular disease and other health outcomes. Our objective was to determine the outcomes associated with poor dental health among hospitalized patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) at our institution. We enrolled a consecutive sample of adult patients admitted to an academic medical center. We gathered demographic, health and dental information, reviewed their medical records and then examined their teeth. We analyzed data using SPSS V.24. There was a high prevalence of dental loss among all hospitalized patients. Older age (p<0.001), smoking (p=0.034), having DM (p=0.001) and lower frequency of teeth brushing (p<0.001) were predictors of having a lower number of healthy teeth. Among DM and non-DM patients, fewer remaining healthy teeth was associated with presence of heart disease (p=0.025 and 0.003, respectively). Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) had a higher prevalence of stroke (p=0.006) while patients without DM had a higher number of discharge medications (p=0.001) associated with having fewer number of healthy teeth. There was no correlation between number of healthy teeth and the length or frequency of hospitalization. Patients with DM are more likely to have fewer number of healthy teeth compared with non-DM patients. Fewer number of healthy teeth was associated with higher prevalence of heart disease in both DM and non-DM patients and with more discharge medications in non-DM patients.

  • periodontitis
  • cardiovascular diseases

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors All of the authors contributed significantly to the study design, data collection, data analysis and manuscript preparation.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Ethics approval University Medical Center of Southern Nevada IRB.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it was published Online First. The sentence ’Patients with modified to diabetes mellitus (DM)' in the abstract has been amended to read: ’Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM)'.

  • Presented at Presented in part at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo, November 4 – 8, 2017. Atlanta, Georgia.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.