To investigate the role of miRNA-15b in cardiomyocyte apoptosis after ischemia reperfusion injury in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we conducted the AMI rat model by using left anterior descending ligation and performed hypoxia/reoxygenation experiments in H9c2 cells. MiRNA-15b was measured by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was determined by terminal deoxynucleotide transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining. Synthesized miRNA-15b mimic and inhibitor were transfected into H9c2 cells by Lipofectamine regent. RNA expression of B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) was examined by qRT-PCR and their protein expression was determined by western blot. Ischemia reperfusion increased miRNA-15b expression in the ischemic rat heart and resulted more severe cardiomyocytes apoptosis. In H9c2 cells, hypoxia/reoxygenation induced increased miRNA-15b expression and augmented cardiomyocyte apoptosis observed at 24 hours after 24-hour hypoxia. Compared with the vehicle group, miRNA-15b mimic further raised miRNA-15b level and increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis, whereas miRNA-15b inhibitor suppressed miRNA-15b expression and protected cardiomyocytes from apoptosis. Although the mRNA expression of the target genes Bcl-2 and MAPK3 was not changed significantly, the protein expression of these two genes were markedly reduced after miRNA-15b mimic treatment and significantly increased after transfected with miRNA-15b inhibitors. In conclusion, miRNA-15b deteriorates cardiomyocyte apoptosis by post-transcriptionally downregulating the expression of Bcl-2 and MAPK3.
- acute myocardial infarction
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Contributors YL contributed to conduct the study, write the draft and approve the final version of the manuscript. LY contributed to construct the AMI rat model. JY contributed to cell culture and hypoxia/reoxygenation treatment. DS contributed to TUNEL staining. ZP contributed to RNA isolation and qRT-PCR. PL contributed to the conception of the work, statistics analysis and western blot procedure. XW contributed to the conception of the work and agreement of all aspects of the work. All authors reviewed the manuscript.
Funding XW received a research grant from the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (no. 17411968500).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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