To study differences related to pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care among hospitals that were stratified based on annual case volume. This is a cross-sectional study using data from the United States Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID). IBD-related hospitalizations were identified using International Classification of Diseases-9-Clinical Modification codes. Hospital volume was divided into low or high by assigning cut-off values of 1–20 and >20 annual IBD hospitalizations. We assessed a total of 8647 pediatric IBD discharges during 2012 from 660 hospitals in the USA. 107 of these hospitals were classified as high-volume centers (HVCs) for pediatric IBD care and 553 low-volume centers (LVCs). HVCs were more likely to be associated with an academic teaching status compared to LVCs (97.1% vs 67.6%, p<0.001). The incidence of transfer of medical care from LVCs to other hospitals was 5.5% but only 0.7% for HVCs (p<0.001). The median number of procedures (medical and surgical) performed on children admitted with IBD was higher at HVCs (2 vs 1, p<0.001). IBD admissions at HVCs were more likely to undergo surgical procedures compared to LVCs (17% vs 10%, p<0.001). The incidence of postoperative complications was not significantly different. There were significantly greater hospital costs (median US$11,000 vs US$6,000, p<0.001) and lengths of stay (median 5 days vs 4 days, p<0.001) associated with HVCs compared to LVCs. Pediatric admissions to HVCs for IBD undergo a greater number of medical and surgical procedures and are associated with higher costs and lengthier hospital stays.
- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
- Hospital Charges
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