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Crosstalk between toll-like receptors and hypoxia-dependent pathways in health and disease
  1. Bianca Crifo,
  2. Cormac T Taylor
  1. School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Cormac T Taylor, UCD Conway Institute, University College Dublin Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland; cormac.taylor{at}


Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in shaping the host immune response to infection and inflammation. Tissue hypoxia is a common microenvironmental feature of infected and inflamed tissues. Furthermore, hypoxia significantly impacts the development of immune and inflammatory responses through the regulation of host innate and adaptive immunity. Here, we will discuss current knowledge in relation to the crosstalk that exists between toll-like receptor- and hypoxia-dependent signaling pathways in health and disease.

  • toll-like receptors
  • HIF-1
  • infection
  • hypoxia
  • HiF hydroxylases

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