The aim of the study was to explore the role and molecular mechanism of dual-specificity phosphatase 8 (DUSP8) in the drug resistance of trastuzumab in breast cancer. Real-time PCR and western blot detected the difference in expression of DUSP8 between breast cancer tissue/cells and trastuzumab-resistant tissues/cells. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of DUSP8 in breast cancer. si-DUSP8 or dusp8 overexpression vector was transiently transfected, and the effects of si-DUSP8 on apoptosis, cell viability and cell migration of drug-resistant cell lines were investigated by flow cytometry, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) and Transwell assays, and its regulation mechanism finally explored. The results showed that the expression of DUSP8 in breast cancer tissues and cells was significantly higher than in matched non-tumor tissues and cells. DUSP8 was significantly upregulated in non-responsive patients compared with patients who responded to trastuzumab. ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.732, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 64.86% and 75.76%. DUSP8 knockdown promotes apoptosis and reduces trastuzumab resistance in BT474/TR and SKBR3/TR cells by inhibiting cell migration and cell viability. Knockdown of DUSP8 increased the expression of p-p38 and p-ERK, and the regulation of DUSP8 in chemotherapy resistance of breast cancer cells may be realized by mediating mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-related signaling pathways. In conclusion, knockdown of DUSP8 expression in trastuzumab-resistant cells can inhibit cell migration and proliferation, and leads to decreased drug resistance by activating MAPK signaling pathway in trastuzumab-resistant cells.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors HZ and CL contributed to the conception and design of the study. DC contributed to the acquisition of data. HZ, DC and MW performed the experiments. MW contributed to the analysis of data. HZ wrote the manuscript. All authors reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript. CL is responsible for the overall content as guarantor.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.