Maslinic acid (MA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, has been reported to exert broad pharmacological properties. However, it is still unclear whether MA exhibits protective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Herein, we aimed to investigate the effects of MA on I/R injury and its underlying mechanisms. A rat model of I/R injury was established and administrated with MA by intraperitoneal injection. Cardiac function was assessed with a color ultrasound diagnosis system and PowerLab system. The levels of oxidative stress-related and I/R-related biomarkers were evaluated by using commercial kits. Apoptosis-related biomarkers and sirtuin (SIRT)1/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling proteins were determined by using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and western blotting, respectively. Treatment with MA improved cardiac performance and cardiac hemodynamic parameters in the I/R injury rat model. Besides, treatment with MA (20 mg/kg) ameliorated I/R injury-related biomarkers in serum. Interestingly, treatment with MA (20 mg/kg) also regulated myocardial apoptosis and inhibited oxidative-stress in left ventricular tissue. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that MA upregulated SIRT1 and AMPK phosphorylation in the left ventricular tissue. In summary, MA exerted protective effects against the impairments of cardiac function in I/R injury rats by the regulation of SIRT1/AMPK signaling pathways.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors Collected and analyzed the data: NW, ZM, CC and NX; designed the study and wrote the manuscript: NW and ZM; all authors approved the final submission.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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