MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of non-coding RNAs that play a role in gene regulation. Due to their possible functional importance, genetic variants within miRNA genes have been recognized as candidate biomarkers. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA genes can be related to the risk of different autoimmune diseases. Some of these SNPs are rs2910164 in the miR-146a and rs1044165 in the miR-223. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between these polymorphisms and the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) in an Iranian population. In this case–control study, 261 patients with MS and 250 healthy controls that matched by age and geographical region were enrolled. After sampling and genomic DNA extraction, genotyping was determined by PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism. Allelic and genotypic associations between the SNPs and MS were evaluated by the data analysis conducted by SPSS V.20. The frequencies of rs2910164 and rs1044165 SNPs were significantly different between the patients with MS and healthy controls. C and T alleles in the variants rs2910164 and rs1044165, respectively, are associated with increased risk of MS. Such association was obtained in codominant, dominant, and overdominant models for both variants (OR ~3 and OR ~1.5, respectively). Furthermore, this study determined that the C and T alleles of rs2910164 and rs1044165 are risk factors for MS in the Iranian population.
- neurodegenerative diseases
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.
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Contributors SS and SOE performed experiments and statistical analysis and cowrote the paper. SR coordinated the study, designed and performed experiments, and supervised the research.
Funding This research was financially supported by Shahrekord University (grant number 98GRD30M32855).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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