Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a nosocomial pathogen containing various resistance mechanisms. Among them, metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)–producing Pseudomonas are difficult to treat. Fosfomycin is an older antibiotic that has recently seen increased usage due to its activity against a broad spectrum of multidrug-resistant organisms. Our aim was to evaluate the combination of fosfomycin and meropenem against 20 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa (100% meropenem-resistant and 20% fosfomycin-resistant) using both an Etest minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC): MIC method and time-kill assay. MICs for fosfomycin and meropenem were determined by Etest and by broth microdilution method for the latter. The combination demonstrated synergy by Etest in 3/20 (15%) isolates and 5/20 (25%) isolates by time-kill assay. Results from the Etest method and time-kill assay were in agreement for 14/20 (70%) of isolates. No antagonism was found. Comparing both methods, Etest MIC: MIC method may be useful to rapidly evaluate other antimicrobial combinations.
- anti-bacterial agents
- bacterial infections
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Presented at This data were presented at the American Federation for Medical Research, Southern Regional Meeting, abstract 522 (14 February 2020; New Orleans, LA, USA).
Contributors All authors contributed to the study planning and methods, review of data, and preparation of manuscript. SJ, HD, and DSA performed testing in laboratory.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.
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