Galectin-3 is an inflammation biomarker associated with atrial remodeling which plays a role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Atrial high-rate episode (AHRE) is related to development of clinically documented AF and stroke. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between the presence of AHRE and the coronary sinus (CS) serum sampling of galectin-3 levels in the long-term follow-up of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients. A total of 108 consecutive CRT patients were included prospectively in the study. AHREs were defined as atrial tachyarrhythmia episodes lasting at least 6 min with atrial rate >190 beats/min detected by cardiac implantable electronic device. CS blood samples were drawn from the CS guiding catheter to perform galectin-3 measurements. Galectin-3 levels were measured via ELISA. During a mean follow-up 12.6±4.9 months, AHRE was observed in 31 (28.7%) patients and not observed in 77 (72.3%) patients. CS galectin-3 levels were significantly higher in patients with AHRE than those without AHRE (18.09±2.62 vs 13.17±3.17, respectively, p<0.001). Moreover, CS galectin-3 levels showed significant positive correlation with percent of time spent in total AHRE (r=0.436, p<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that left atrium (LA) volume and CS galectin-3 levels were significant and independent predictors for AHRE (OR=1.127, 95% CI: 1.045 to 1.216; p=0.002, OR=1.799, 95% CI: 1.388 to 2.330; p<0.001, respectively). In this study, we determined that high CS galectin-3 levels were a predictor for the development of AHRE in CRT patients.
- atrial fibrillation
- heart failure
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