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Association of circulating levels of total and protein-bound sphingosine 1-phosphate with osteoporotic fracture

Abstract

The biological activity and effects of circulating sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) might be dependent on the carrier protein. Although S1P is known to be a biomarker for osteoporotic fracture (OF), its role according to its carrier protein (high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or albumin) has not yet been studied. We measured the protein-bound S1P levels and bone mineral density (BMD) in 58 postmenopausal women with OF and 58 age-matched and body mass index–matched postmenopausal women without OF. Albumin-bound S1P was the most abundant. Before adjustment, women with OF had higher total S1P (p=0.046) and albumin-bound S1P (p=0.026) levels than those without OF, but there was no difference in the levels of HDL-bound or LDL-bound S1P. After adjustment for confounders including BMD, women with OF had only higher levels of total S1P than those without OF (p=0.047). Before adjustment, the OR for OF was higher in subjects in the highest quartile for total S1P (OR 5.36, 95% CI 1.22 to 23.63) or albumin-bound S1P (OR 4.48, 95% CI 1.22 to 16.42). After adjustment for confounders including BMD, statistical significance persisted only for total S1P (OR 2.23, 95% CI 1.12 to 4.81). These findings suggest that the positive association of S1P with OF is mainly due to level of total plasma S1P and not due to the differing contributions from specific carrier protein-bound fractions.

  • Osteoporotic fractures
  • Biological markers
  • Lipoproteins
  • Serum albumin

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