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Trends in the epidemiology of pediatric acute and chronic cholecystitis-related admissions in the USA: a nationwide emergency department and inpatient sample study

Abstract

Acute and chronic cholecystitis can be related to gallstone disease, although in childhood acalculous cholecystitis may be the most frequent form. Chronic acalculous cholecystitis is a subtype of pediatric chronic abdominal pain. The overall incidence of cholecystitis in children appears to be increasing. Studies suggest a widely variable but predominant female, Caucasian and late adolescent preponderance to the affected population. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), a national emergency department, pediatric and adult inpatient admission coding-based database was accessed for the population-weighted demographic characteristics related to documented principal diagnoses (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification) of acute and chronic cholecystitis; pediatric and adult age range 2006–2012 (emergency department), 1997–2012 (inpatient service). ED-derived data show pediatric admissions at the smallest age category (1%), averaging 3.7/100 000 persons; discharges were highest in the 15–17 age range. Inpatient admission was more likely in older (93% >10 years), female (F:M 3.7:1) children, and patients from lower median household income residences. Over the study period, there was a significant relative increase in males. Mean length of inpatient stay was 3.2 days, tended to be shorter in female and older patients; this pattern was reflected in the overall hospital charges which rose threefold over the study period (1997–2012). Our study establishes the gender distribution of cholecystitis-related diagnoses and as yet poorly understood admission discrepancies based on gender and socioeconomic status. Length of admission has overall decreased but costs have risen threefold over the study period.

  • hospital charges
  • infant, newborn, diseases
  • inpatients
  • intestinal diseases
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