The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the influence of long-term physical activity on biomarkers for myocyte ischemia (heart-type fatty acid-binding protein, H-FABP), matrix remodelling/vascular stress (soluble isoform of suppression of tumorigenicity 2, sST2) and inflammation (soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor, suPAR). In this prospective observational study 109 subjects were recruited, 98 completed the study. Subjects were asked to perform exercise within the calculated training pulse for 8 months. The performance gain was measured/quantified by bicycle stress tests at the beginning and end of the observation period. Twenty-seven subjects with a performance gain <2.9% were excluded. suPAR, H-FABP and sST2 were measured in serum at baseline and after 2, 4 and 8 months by ELISA. We found a significant decrease in H-FABP (1.86 (0.86) to 1.29 (0.98) ng/mL; p<0.01) and a significant increase in sST2 levels (6126 (2759) to 6919 (3720) pg/mL; p=0.045) during the observation period of 8 months while there was no remarkable change in suPAR levels. We interpret the activity-induced decrease in H-FABP as sign of lower subclinical myocardial ischemia and better perfusion, probably due to a more economic metabolization and electrolyte balance. The increase in sST2 might reflect physiological sports-induced vascular stress. As H-FABP and sST2 play an important role in the pathomechanism of ischemic cardiomyopathy (iCMP) further studies should investigate the influence of regular physical activity on these biomarkers in a population of patients with iCMP.
Trial registration number NCT02097199.
- vascular calcification
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Contributors MS: study design, clinical investigation, performing bicycle stress tests/follow-up, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation. ML and VP: laboratory analysis, manuscript preparation. BW: statistical analysis, laboratory analysis. UH: infrastructure support, manuscript preparation. ME: study design. MFS: laboratory analysis. BL: statistical analysis. JSJ: study design, manuscript preparation.
Funding The study has been funded by means of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna, Austria
Competing interests None declared.
Ethics approval Ethics Committee of the Medical University of Vienna (EC No: 1830/2013).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
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