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Alcohol and fat promote steatohepatitis: a critical role for fat-specific protein 27/CIDEC
  1. Suthat Liangpunsakul1,2,3,4,
  2. Bin Gao5
  1. 1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
  2. 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
  3. 3Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
  4. 4Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
  5. 5Laboratory of Liver Diseases, National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, Maryland, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Suthat Liangpunsakul, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 550 N. University Blvd, UH 4100, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA; sliangpu{at}iupui.edu

Abstract

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major public health problem worldwide and is the leading cause of end-stage liver disease. While the ultimate control of ALD will require the prevention of alcohol abuse, better understanding of the mechanisms of alcohol-induced liver injury may lead to treatments of fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and prevention or delay of occurrence of cirrhosis. The elucidation and the discovery of several new concepts in ALD pathogenesis have raised our understanding on the complex mechanisms and the potential in developing the new strategies for therapeutic benefits. In this review, we provide the most up-to-date information on the basic molecular mechanisms focusing on the role of fat-specific protein 27/CIDEC in the pathogenesis of ALD.

  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic
  • Fatty Liver

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