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Detection of chromosomal changes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia using classical cytogenetic methods and FISH: application of rich mitogen mixtures for lymphocyte cultures
  1. Dorota Koczkodaj1,
  2. Sylwia Popek1,
  3. Szymon Zmorzyński1,
  4. Ewa Wąsik-Szczepanek2,
  5. Agata A Filip1
  1. 1Department of Cancer Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
  2. 2Department of Hematooncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Dorota Koczkodaj, Department of Cancer Genetics, Ul. Radziwiłłowska 11, Lublin 20-080, Poland; dorota.koczkodaj{at}


One of the research methods of prognostic value in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is cytogenetic analysis. This method requires the presence of appropriate B-cell mitogens in cultures in order to obtain a high mitotic index. The aim of our research was to determine the most effective methods of in vitro B-cell stimulation to maximize the number of metaphases from peripheral blood cells of patients with CLL for classical cytogenetic examination, and then to correlate the results with those obtained using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The study group involved 50 consecutive patients with CLL. Cell cultures were maintained with the basic composition of culture medium and addition of respective stimulators. We used the following stimulators: Pokeweed Mitogen (PWM), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), ionophore, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and CpG-oligonucleotide DSP30. We received the highest mitotic index when using the mixture of PWM+TPA+I+DSP30. With classical cytogenetic tests using banding techniques, numerical and structural aberrations of chromosomes were detected in 46 patients, and no change was found in only four patients. Test results clearly confirmed the legitimacy of using cell cultures enriched with the mixture of cell stimulators and combining classical cytogenetic techniques with the FISH technique in later patient diagnosing.

  • Cell Proliferation
  • Hematologic Diseases
  • Leukemia

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