Purpose of Study Psoriasis (PSO), a chronic inflammatory disease associated with increased CV risk, provides a clinical human model to study inflammatory atherogenesis. We aimed to assess the major determinants of vascular inflammation (VI) measured by 18FDG PET-MRI in a well-phenotyped PSO cohort.
Methods Used 124 consecutive patients with PSO underwent 18FDG PET-MRI scans. We used target-to-background ratio to quantify VI 120 minutes post FDG injection. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured, along with cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) and HDL particle concentration by NMR (Liposcience) fasting.
Summary of Results Our cohort was middle aged (mean 49±13.3 years) with mild to moderate PSO, and low CV risk (median Framingham Risk Score (FRS) 2, IQR 2–6). PSO was associated with increased VI (β=0.27, p<0.005), compared to healthy controls. VI was associated with HOMA-IR (β=0.26, p<0.001), CEC (β=−0.12, p=0.04) and HDL particle concentration (β=−0.19, p=0.003) beyond traditional CV risk factors (age, gender, FRS and BMI). Among these, HOMA-IR provided maximum incremental value in predicting VI beyond traditional risk factors (χ2=39.36, p<0.001).
Conclusions VI by FDG PET MRI is associated with traditional CV risk factors and cardiometabolic parameters. Insulin resistance and CEC were most strongly associated with VI by 18FDG PET-MRI beyond traditional CV risk factors and BMI in PSO suggesting that cardiometabolic disease increases CV risk in PSO.⇓
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