Objective The aim of this study was to determine if differences in coronary endothelial function are observed between asymptomatic women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and control subjects using coronary phase contrast flow velocity magnetic resonance imaging in response to cold pressor stress, an established endothelium-dependent vasodilatory stress.
Methods Phase contrast flow velocity imaging of the right coronary artery was performed in 7 asymptomatic premenopausal women with DM and 8 healthy female participants in response to the cold pressor test at 3 T.
Results There was no significant difference in percent increase in coronary flow velocity from rest to peak flow velocity between DM and control subjects (32% ± 22% vs 46% ± 17%; P = 0.11). However, percent increase in coronary flow velocity was lower in DM than in control subjects (−3% ± 14% vs 31% ± 30%; P = 0.01) during the second minute of cold pressor stress, when endothelial-mediated vasodilation should occur.
Conclusions Asymptomatic women with DM demonstrate reduced coronary flow velocity during the second minute of cold pressor stress, indicating coronary endothelial dysfunction.
- cardiac magnetic resonance
- coronary blood flow reserve
- coronary flow
- endothelial dysfunction
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.