Background High weight status is associated with increased forearm fracture risk but its relationship to severity of fracture has not been evaluated. We compared the epidemiology of children’s forearm fractures treated with fracture reduction to those not treated with reduction, hypothesizing that high weight status would be significantly associated with need for reduction.
Methods This is a case-control study including Washington, DC children, ages 2 to 17 years, treated for isolated forearm fractures in an urban, tertiary care pediatric emergency department from 2003 to 2006. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were conducted to compare patients with forearm fracture reductions to nonintervention controls.
Results Of 888 forearm fractures, 330 (37.2%) required reduction (cases) whereas 558 (64.8%) did not (controls). Cases were more likely than controls to be male [adjusted odds ratio, 1.67 (95% confidence interval, 1.11–2.50)] and to have experienced a more severe mechanism of trauma [adjusted odds ratio, 2.11 (95% confidence interval, 1.14–3.90)]. The groups did not differ in weight status, age, or race/ethnicity.
Conclusions The need for reduction among children with forearm fractures is significantly associated with male sex and major mechanisms of trauma but not with high weight status. Strategies to reduce severe forearm fractures should focus on preventing major mechanisms of trauma.
- forearm fracture
- child injury
- forearm reduction
- forearm displacement
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