Article Text

PDF
Emergency Department Visits for Acute Pancreatitis in Children
  1. Chaitanya Pant, MD*,
  2. Abhishek Deshpande, MD, PhD,
  3. Thomas J. Sferra, MD,
  4. Richard Gilroy, MD*,
  5. Mojtaba Olyaee, MD*
  1. From the *Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Motility, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; and †Medicine Institute Center for Value Based Care Research, Cleveland Clinic; and ‡Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital, Cleveland, OH.
  1. Received November 18, 2014, and in revised form January 1, 2015.
  2. Accepted for publication January 1, 2015.
  3. This study was not funded.
  4. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interests in, any commercial companies related to this study or article.
  5. Reprints: Chaitanya Pant, MD, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Motility, University of Kansas Medical Center, Mail Stop 1023, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, KS 66160. E-mail: pant55{at}yahoo.com.

Results From the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample 2006–2011

Abstract

Objective The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology and trends in pediatric acute pancreatitis (AP)–associated emergency department (ED) visits in the United States.

Methods Estimates of AP–associated ED visits were calculated in children from birth to 19 years of age using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample.

Results From 2006 to 2011, there were an estimated total of 78,787 ED visits associated with the diagnosis of AP. The greatest number of ED visits occurred in children 15 to 19 years of age (67.0%). A majority of patients were subsequently admitted to the hospital for further care (74.1%). Risk factors independently associated with an increased rate of hospital admission included 3 or more comorbid conditions (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 12.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 11.29–14.56), children younger than 5 years (aOR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.58–1.89), presentation to a teaching hospital (aOR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.62–1.74) or a hospital in the Western region of the United States (aOR, 1.48; 95% 1.42–1.54), and health coverage with Medicaid (aOR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.17–1.29). Acute pancreatitis–associated ED visits increased from 14.5 per 100,000 children in 2006 to 16.1 per 100,000 children in 2011 (11.42% increase; P < 0.01).

Conclusion There has been an increasing incidence of AP-associated ED visits in children from 2006 to 2011.

Key Words
  • acute pancreatitis
  • children
  • National Emergency Department Sample
  • pediatric

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.