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Aortic Atheromas and Stroke
  1. Enrico Vizzardi, MD*,
  2. Sandro Gelsomino,
  3. Antonio D’Aloia*,
  4. Roberto Lorusso
  1. From the *Section of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Applied Experimental Medicine, Brescia University, Brescia; †Heart and Vessels Department, Careggi Hospital, Florence; and ‡Cardiac Surgery Unit, Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
  1. Received October 24, 2012, and in revised form May 2, 2013.
  2. Accepted for publication May 4, 2013.
  3. Reprints: Enrico Vizzardi, MD, Department of Cardiology, University of Brescia. Italy. E-mail: enrico.vizzardi{at}

Review of Literature


Aortic atherosclerosis is the most common disease of the aortic arch, and patients with complicated aortic atheroma should be considered at risk of stroke. There is indeed controversy about whether and how to treat these patients. This review analyzes the literature data about the epidemiology, the association between atheroma and stroke, the classification of aortic atheroma plaques, the imaging diagnostic process, the therapeutics options, and the clinical trials performed in this clinical setting.

Key Words
  • aortic atheroma
  • stroke
  • echocardiography

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