Background Common polymorphisms in the fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) have been linked to obesity in some populations. Nevertheless, the role of FTO variants on body weight response after dietary intervention remains equivocal.
Objective We decided to analyze the effects of the rs9939609 FTO gene polymorphism on body weight changes and metabolic parameters after 3 months of a hypocaloric diet.
Design Before and after 3 months on a low-fat hypocaloric diet, a white population of 106 subjects with obesity was analyzed.
Results Of the study subjects, 35 (33%) had the genotype TT and 71 (67%) had the next genotypes; TA (46 study subjects, 43.4%) or AA (25 study subjects, 23.6%). After dietary treatment and in TT group, weight, waist circumference, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment decreases were less than subjects carrying the A allele [−3.1 (3.6) vs −2.4 (4.1) kg: P < 0.05], waist circumference [−5.4 (6.4) vs −2.6 (4.8) cm; P < 0.05], total cholesterol [−12.3 (35.3) vs −6.4 (4.7) mg/dL; P < 0.05], LDL-cholesterol [−22.3 (30.5) vs −10.7 (30.5) mg/dL; P < 0.05], insulin [−1.89 (5.5) vs +0.94 (8.2) mUI/L; P < 0.05], and homeostasis model assessment [−0.46 (1.11) vs −0.01 (2.4); P < 0.05].
Conclusions Our study confirmed a higher weight loss in A carriers of FTO rs9939609 polymorphism than in TT genotype study subjects.
- rs9939609 gene variant
- hypocaloric diet
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