Objective Inadequate vascular remodeling is contributory to increased cardiovascular events in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its regulatory molecule soluble Flt-1(sFlt-1) play important roles in atherogenesis.
Research Design We measured fasting plasma concentrations of VEGF and sFlt-1 in 11 nondiabetic (ND) (aged 46.1 ± 2.1 years; body mass index [BMI], 26.1 ± 0.9 kg/m2; glucose, 5.0 ± 0.1 mM), 15 IFG (aged 52.9 ± 1.8 years; BMI, 32.7 ± 1.3 kg/m2; glucose, 6.4 ± 0.1 mM), and 8 DM (aged 55.8 ± 3.2 years; BMI, 30.0 ± 1.0 kg/m2; glucose, 9.3 ± 0.5 mM) subjects.
Results Plasma VEGF (42.1 ± 4.0 vs 24.2 ± 0.9 vs 29.4 ± 3.8 pg/mL, respectively) and sFlt-1 (119.4 ± 4.9 vs 58.9 ± 3.2 vs 56.7 ± 1.2 pg/mL, respectively) concentrations were higher (P < 0.04) in DM than IFG and ND subjects. Whereas VEGF concentrations were significantly lower (P < 0.05) in IFG than in ND subjects, sFlt-1 concentrations did not differ between the IFG and ND subjects.
Conclusions Although plasma VEGF concentrations were higher (35%) in DM than in ND subjects, VEGF action on vascular remodeling was likely attenuated by higher sFlt-1 concentrations in DM. In contrast, IFG subjects did not have major perturbations in either VEGF or sFlt-1 levels. Further studies defining the roles of these mediators in DM and IFG are necessary to extend these observations.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.