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Influence of Nuclear Factor κB Activation on Inflammatory Mediators of Alveolar Macrophages in Rats With Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis
  1. Yalikun Sailai, MSc*,
  2. Xiao Yu, MD,
  3. Paerhati Baiheti, MSc*,
  4. Huayong Tang, MSc,
  5. Yongguo Li, MD,
  6. Ming Xu, MD
  1. From the *Department of Emergent Surgery, First Teaching Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Xinjiang Province; and †Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, and ‡Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Xiangya College of Medicine, Central South University, Hunan Province, China.
  1. Received April 21, 2009, and in revised form June 2, 2009.
  2. Accepted for publication June 20, 2009.
  3. Reprints: Xiao Yu, MD, Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, Hunan Province, China. E-mail: yuxiaoyx4{at}
  4. Supported by the Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 02jjk3026).


Aim To investigate the potential influence of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation on the inflammatory mediators secreted by alveolar macrophages (AMs) in rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and to evaluate the effect of an inhibitor of NF-κB-N-acetylcysteine (NAC).

Methods Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, 30 of each: control, ANP, and ANP plus NAC groups. The ANP rat models were established by a retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. In addition to sodium taurocholate, the ANP plus NAC group received intravenous infusion of NAC (25 mg/100 g). At the sixth hour after modeling, the protein content of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, the myeloperoxidase in the lung tissue, and the transforming growth factor α and the nitric oxide (NO) secreted by AMs were determined. The histopathologic changes of the pancreas and the lung were observed under light microscope, and NF-κB activation of AMs was detected.

Results The protein content of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and the myeloperoxidase level of the lung tissue showed a significant increase in the ANP group as compared with the NAC-administered group. The levels of transforming growth factor α and NO secreted by AMs in the ANP and the ANP plus NAC group rose significantly over that in the control group, and there was a significant difference between them. Although they were still higher than those in the control group, the pancreas destruction and the lung injury were slighter in the ANP plus NAC group and the activation of NF-κB was lower in the ANP plus NAC group as compared with that in the ANP group.

Conclusions The correlation between the NF-κB activation, the up-regulation of the inflammatory mediators secreted by AMs, and the tissue damage suggests a key influence of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of ANP. Inhibition of NF-κB activation may reverse the lung injury of ANP.

Key Words
  • pancreatitis
  • nuclear transcription factor κB
  • alveolar macrophages
  • inflammatory mediators

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