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Renal Complications in Oncohematologic Patients

Abstract

The aim of the present paper was to review recent developments in the management of patients with acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease occurring secondary to either cancer itself or its therapy, with a focus on infiltration of the renal parenchyma, myeloma, tumor lysis syndrome, glomerular disease, thrombotic microangiopathy, chemotherapy-associated thrombotic microangiopathy, biphosphonate-induced renal diseases, acute kidney injury, and chronic kidney disease after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Further studies are awaited because a better knowledge of renal complications, which frequently occur in patients with oncohematologic diseases, would be conducive to making an early diagnosis and providing prompt therapy.

Key Words
  • renal failure
  • myeloma
  • thrombotic microangiopathy
  • hemolytic-uremic syndrome
  • hematopoietic cell transplant

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