Table 2

Characteristics of patients who had DXA scan with lumbar spine Z-score discrepancy and vertebral fractures identified by either VFA or lumbar spine radiograph

PatientAge
(years)
Highest lumbar spine (DXA)BMD Z-scoresVFAX-rayFracture by X-rayTypeReferral diagnoses
L1L2L3L4
112L1−2.0−3.6−3.4−2.9Not doneYesL1Mild (grade 1) wedge fracture of L1Post heart transplant, growth hormone deficiency
217L3−2.8−1.7−0.5−2.8Not doneYesL1, L2Mild (grade 1) wedge fracture of L1 and L2Post heart transplant, chronic glucocorticoid use, delayed puberty
  • DXA, dual X-ray absorptiometry; VFA, vertebral fracture assessment.