Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Assessment of right ventricular systolic and diastolic parameters in pulmonary sarcoidosis
  1. Emrah Ipek1,
  2. Selami Demirelli1,
  3. Emrah Ermis1,
  4. Erkan Yıldırım1,
  5. Mustafa Öztürk1,
  6. Mustafa Yolcu2,
  7. Ömer Araz3,
  8. Kamuran Kalkan1
  1. 1Department of Cardiology, Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey
  2. 2Department of Cardiology, Arel University, Medicana Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
  3. 3Department of Pulmonology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Dr Emrah Ipek, Department of Cardiology, Erzurum Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum 25070, Turkey; dremrah21{at}yahoo.com

Abstract

The clinical manifestations of cardiac involvement are seen in about 5% of patients with sarcoidosis; however, the incidence of cardiac involvement is higher in the autopsy series. About 14% of patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) without known cardiac involvement had diastolic dysfunction.

We aimed to determine the role of parameters of right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic function in patients with PS without evidence of cardiac symptoms. Our study population consisted of 28 patients with grades 1–4 PS and 24 healthy subjects. This study was a clinical prospective cohort study. RV end-diastolic area was found to be significantly higher in the PS group (p=0.032). RV fractional area change (RVFAC) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) were shown to be statistically lower in the PS group as compared to the control group (p<0.001). However, pulmonary arterial systolic pressure was significantly higher in the PS group (p=0.003). The tricuspid E velocity and E/A ratio were found to be significantly lower in the PS group (p=0.025 and 0.009, respectively), while the tricuspid A velocity and myocardial performance index (MPI) were found to be significantly lower in the control group (p=0.034 and 0.007, respectively). Early detection of cardiac involvement in PS is crucial because of the increased morbidity and risk of sudden cardiac death. RV diastolic Doppler parameters, tissue Doppler MPI, RVFAC and TAPSE are practical and cheap techniques in the diagnosis of cardiac involvement in patients with PS. A thorough transthorasic echocardiographic examination including RV systolic and diastolic functions and tissue Doppler MPI should constitute the mainstay of initial management and follow-up in PS.

  • Sarcoidosis
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart Ventricles

Statistics from Altmetric.com

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.