Article Text

PDF
21: DETERMINANTS OF VASCULAR INFLAMMATION BY 18-FLUORODEOXYGLUCOSE PET/MRI: FINDINGS FROM THE PSORIASIS, ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND CARDIOMETABOLIC DISEASE INITIATIVE
  1. MT Kabbany*,
  2. AA Joshi,
  3. M Ahlman,
  4. J Rodante,
  5. JB Lerman,
  6. T Aberra,
  7. J Silverman,
  8. A Dahiya,
  9. DA Bluemke,
  10. MP Playford,
  11. NN Mehta
  1. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, United States

    Abstract

    Purpose of Study Psoriasis (PSO), a chronic inflammatory disease associated with increased CV risk, provides a clinical human model to study inflammatory atherogenesis. We aimed to assess the major determinants of vascular inflammation (VI) measured by 18FDG PET-MRI in a well-phenotyped PSO cohort.

    Methods Used 124 consecutive patients with PSO underwent 18FDG PET-MRI scans. We used target-to-background ratio to quantify VI 120 minutes post FDG injection. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured, along with cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) and HDL particle concentration by NMR (Liposcience) fasting.

    Summary of Results Our cohort was middle aged (mean 49±13.3 years) with mild to moderate PSO, and low CV risk (median Framingham Risk Score (FRS) 2, IQR 2–6). PSO was associated with increased VI (β=0.27, p<0.005), compared to healthy controls. VI was associated with HOMA-IR (β=0.26, p<0.001), CEC (β=−0.12, p=0.04) and HDL particle concentration (β=−0.19, p=0.003) beyond traditional CV risk factors (age, gender, FRS and BMI). Among these, HOMA-IR provided maximum incremental value in predicting VI beyond traditional risk factors (χ2=39.36, p<0.001).

    Conclusions VI by FDG PET MRI is associated with traditional CV risk factors and cardiometabolic parameters. Insulin resistance and CEC were most strongly associated with VI by 18FDG PET-MRI beyond traditional CV risk factors and BMI in PSO suggesting that cardiometabolic disease increases CV risk in PSO.

    • Abdomen

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.