Introduction Interleukin 27 (IL-27), belonging to the IL-12 family, exerts a critical role in immune regulation of infection, autoimmunity, and tumor. In this study, we aimed to investigate the roles of IL-27 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in breast cancer.
Methods The serum levels of IL-27 and VEGF in 150 patients with breast cancer and 90 control subjects were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 were measured by immunohistochemistry. Clinical stage, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, grade, and histological type were also recorded.
Results The serum levels of IL-27 and VEGF were significantly greater in breast cancer patients than in the control group. In addition, there was a significant correlation between IL-27 and VEGF, and serum IL-27 and VEGF levels were associated with the clinical stage of breast cancer. Moreover, the serum levels of IL-27 were especially elevated in breast cancer patients who were estrogen receptor–positive and progesterone receptor–positive. Furthermore, the serum levels of IL-27 and VEGF decreased after patients with breast cancer had modified radical mastectomy.
Conclusion Interleukin 27 may be a new prognostic biomarker of breast cancer and a promising target to limit both angiogenesis and tumor growth.
- interleukin 27
- vascular endothelial growth factor
- breast cancer
- prognostic biomarker
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