Purpose To find out how resistin and leptin levels were affected in patients with acromegaly and whether there is a relation between resistin levels and cardiac parameters. We also aimed to investigate whether resistin and leptin may be a link between insulin resistance and cardiac functions as well as these affected cardiac functions in the patients with acromegaly.
Methods We included 30 subjects (15 men and 15 women) who had a diagnosis of acromegaly and 30 healthy (10 men and 20 women) subjects. Serum glucose, insulin, growth hormone, insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1), resistin, and leptin levels were obtained, and insulin resistance of subjects were calculated. Echocardiographic studies of the subjects were performed.
Results Resistin levels of the patients with acromegaly were found lower than controls. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.001). Leptin levels were lower in the patients with acromegaly than in the controls, but this difference was not statistically significant. Resistin and leptin levels were not correlated with growth hormone, IGF-1, and with insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 levels. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance was positively correlated with resistin levels. (P = 0.03; r = 0.531) but not correlated with leptin levels. There was a positive correlation between body mass index and leptin levels in the patients with acromegaly (P = 0.007; r = 0.482). Interventricular septum thickness, posterior wall thickness, left ventricle mass index, peak early mitral inflow velocity–peak late mitral inflow velocity ratio, deceleration time, ejection time, isovolumetric relaxation time, velocity propagation, and left ventricular end-systolic volume values were significantly greater in the patients with acromegaly. Leptin levels in the acromegalic patients were not correlated with any of them.
Conclusions We found biventricular hypertrophy and impairment of diastolic and systolic function in the patients with acromegaly. We conclude that changes in resistin and leptin levels are unlikely to account for the insulin resistance of acromegaly. They do not also seem to be contributing factors of cardiovascular changes in patients with acromegaly.