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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to 3 American scientists "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase." The three will equally share a prize of approximately $1.4 million. The recipients are Elizabeth H. Blackburn, PhD, Carol W. Greider, PhD, and Jack W. Szostak, PhD. The work of these scientists yielded the discovery of telomerase and has significantly impacted research in the areas of aging and cancer over the past two decades. While Dr. Blackburn and Dr. Greider have continued to work on telomerase, Dr. Szostak turned his focus to how life originated from the simple chemicals present on the early earth.
Dr. Blackburn is the Morris Herztein Professor of Biology and Physiology in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). She earned her BSc and MSc degrees from the University of Melbourne in Australia, and her PhD from the University of Cambridge in England. She completed postdoctoral work in Molecular and Cellular Biology from 1975 to 1977 at Yale University before joining the faculty of Molecular Biology at UC Berkley in 1978. She joined the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at UCSF in 1990 and served as Department Chair from 1993 to 1999. Dr. Blackburn is a Non-Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. She is a past president of the American Society for Cell Biology and is an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Royal Society of London, the American Academy of Microbiology, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is the 2008 North American Laureate for L'Oreal-UNESCO For Women in Science.
Dr. Greider is the Daniel Nathans Professor & Director Molecular Biology & Genetics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. She earned her …
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