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Arthur Kornberg, MD, 1959 Nobel Prize Winner renowned for his work illuminating how DNA is built and Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry at the Stanford School of Medicine, died Oct. 26 at the age of 89. Dr. Kornberg shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Severo Ochoa, MD, who at that time was at New York University. Dr. Kornberg was celebrated for the test tube synthesis of DNA, the blueprint of heredity, while Ochoa received the honor for the synthesis of RNA, the genetic message derived from DNA. Although a formal model of how DNA is replicated had been introduced in the early 1950's by James Watson and Francis Crick, Dr. Kornberg discovered the specific mechanism responsible for the synthesis of DNA. Dr. Kornberg and Dr. Ochoa discovered enzymes that create the building blocks of DNA and RNA and the …
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