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299 IMPROVEMENT IN EXERCISE CAPACITY IN OVERWEIGHT CHILDREN TREATED IN A LIFESTYLE MODIFICATION PROGRAM.
  1. G. A. Mayman1,
  2. W. N. Evans1,
  3. R. J. Acherman1,
  4. K. A. Cass1,
  5. K. T. Kip1,
  6. C. F. Luna1,
  7. A. Rothman1,
  8. L. Coviello1,
  9. H. Restrepo1
  1. 1Children's Heart Center and University of Nevada, School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NV.

Abstract

Background Physical inactivity and decreased exercise capacity have been associated with long-term poor prognosis in terms of morbidity and mortality in overweight children.

Objectives To assess changes in exercise capacity in overweight children attending a 12-week lifestyle modification program.

Methods This study includes data from 121 children with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 95th percentile who complete a 12-week lifestyle modification program. The program consists of nutrition counseling and medically supervised exercise. BMIs were assessed using the 2000 CDC growth charts. Exercise capacity was estimated by the amount of exercise load (Rockport walking test) and the energy cost of exercise (metabolic equivalents [METs]). All measurements were taken at entry and at the end of the program. Each individual served as his or her own control.

Results The group was composed of 50 girls and 73 boys, mean age 11.2 years (range 6-17 years) and ethnic distribution of Hispanic, 43%; Caucasian, 33%; African American, 7%; and other races, 13%. By the end of the program there was significant increase in the Rockport test (19.5 ± 11.9 vs 29.2 ± 9.3, p < .001) and METs (3.0 ± 0.6 vs 3.5 ± 0.5, p < .001). There was also a significant decrease in BMI Z-score (2.4 ± 0.3 vs 2.3 ± 0.3, p < .001).

Conclusions This group of children was successful in achieving a significant improvement in their exercise capacity and BMI Z-score, after participation in a 12-week lifestyle modification program.

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