India, with all of its beautiful culture and rich history, is facing an epidemic that is rapidly spreading to rates that may soon be uncontrollable. The first case of HIV in India, the virus that has plagued millions of people and dozens of countries, was reported in 1986 in Chennai. Recent estimates hold that 5.1 million people are HIV positive, with an upper limit of 8.5 million estimated to be infected. This makes India the second largest population living with HIV/AIDS, only after South Africa. Currently, a number of nongovernmental organizations along with government-sponsored organizations have set up a variety of education and prevention programs aimed to stabilize and eventually decrease the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. For example, the Gates Foundation recently donated 47 million dollars to grants that will promote behavior change communication, condom promotion and treatment and services available for STIs. In two specific states, Manipur and Nagaland, the grants will also be promoting HIV prevention services for intravenous drug users. Here I intend to unfold the complexity of the HIV/AIDS situation in India, ending with future research that will assess the progress and influence these education and prevention programs have on the rate of spread of this deadly disease, HIV/AIDS, in India.
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