Background Obesity has been related with abnormal serum lipid values and increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Objective To assess the changes in the serum lipid values in a group of overweight children and adolescents treated under medical supervision for 12 weeks.
Methods This study included 270 children and adolescents with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 95th percentile, treated in our risk factor reduction program over a period of 12 weeks. As part of the program all participants received nutrition and healthy style habits counseling and performed physical activity under medical supervision. Fasting blood samples were obtained at entry to the program and 12 weeks later. Paired t-test was used for statistical analysis.
Results There were 127 girls and 143 boys, mean age: 11.3 years (range: 7-18), mean BMI Z-score: 2.34 ± 0.32, ethnic distribution: Hispanic: 50%, Caucasian: 30%, African American: 13%, other races: 7%. Comparisons of mean values of lipid panel are shown in the table below.
Conclusion This group of overweight children and adolescents who participated in a 12-week intervention program designed to promote healthy nutritional and activity lifestyle achieved significant improvement in serum lipid values.
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