ABSTRACT Adenovirus is a common infectious pathogen in both children and adults. It is a significant cause of morbidity in immunocompetent people living in crowded living conditions and of mortality in immunocompromised hosts. It has more recently become a popular vehicle for gene therapy applications. The host response to wild-type infection and gene therapy vector exposure involves both the innate and adaptive immune systems. The initial innate immune response is associated with the severe acute manifestations of adenovirus infection and also plays a significant role in acute toxicity owing to adenovirus vector exposure. This review discusses the innate immune response primarily during wild-type adenovirus infection because this serves as the basis for understanding the response during both natural infection and exposure to adenovirus vectors.
- innate immunity
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