The conduct of translational health research has become a vital national enterprise. However, multiple barriers prevent the effective translation of basic science discoveries into clinical and community practice. New information technology (IT) applications could help address these barriers. Unfortunately, owing to a combination of organizational, technical, and social factors, neither physician-investigators and research staff nor their clinical and community counterparts have harnessed such applications. Recently, at the request of the Institute of Medicine's Clinical Research Roundtable, a qualitative study of these factors was conducted at several leading academic medical centers. We explore the current status of IT in the translational research domain, describe the qualitative results, and conclude with a proposed set of initiatives to further increase the integration of IT into translational research.